Floraison d’un épi de blé provenant du terrain expérimental du Moulon
Flowering wheat ear from the Moulon experimental site in Essonne, Île-de-France. Each spikelet has three flowers, which each have three stamens. The stamens in the external flowers, which are more mature that the central flower (yellow stamens), are open, and have already released their pollen. Dissection shows an ovule that has already been fertilised. Research scientists at the Quantitative Genetics and Evolution - Le Moulon unit study the genetic, epigenetic and molecular control of both qualitative and quantitative traits, and their importance in the adaptation and evolutionary history of plant species. They optimize the selection process according to target characteristics (growth, development and adaptation), incorporating advances in genomics and harnessing genetic resources, while taking into account changes in environmental conditions and growing methods.