Pépinière de blé du terrain agricole expérimental du Moulon
Wheat nursery at the Moulon experimental farm site in Essonne, Île-de-France. At this site, experiments are performed on wheat varieties to study their interactions with a view to optimising mixtures. At the bottom, each variety is cultivated in a single row and interacts with the two neighbouring varieties. Their competition, complementation and mutual facilitation in terms of resource use are quantified in detail. The control plants are at the top: each variety is sown in three rows. The central row is not influenced by other varieties. Research scientists at the Quantitative Genetics and Evolution - Le Moulon unit study the genetic, epigenetic and molecular control of both qualitative and quantitative traits, and their importance in the adaptation and evolutionary history of plant species. They optimize the selection process according to target characteristics (growth, development and adaptation), incorporating advances in genomics and harnessing genetic resources, while taking into account changes in environmental conditions and growing methods.