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A Pentagonal Tiling ZdS#8

Series title

Zeste de science

Reference

6461

Duration

00:02:57

Production year

2018

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16/9
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Summary

The Youtube channel Zeste de science explores all aspects of scientific research, proving that even the most complicated scientific facts can be explained in less than 5 minutes, and that even the most seemingly trivial events of everyday life, if thoroughly studied, can contribute to the biggest technological advances.
Episode 8: You are in the mood to tile your bathroom with pentagonal tiles? Sure, why not, but how do you do it? The question may seem silly, but has actually haunted mathematicians for over a century. Tiling a plane with convex pentagons without leaving any hole is indeed far from being easy. Since 1918, up to 15 types of pentagons able to do that have gradually been discovered. But how many more exist? In 2017, computer engineer Michaël Rao finally settled the issue. Using a special software program, he reduced the number of eligible pentagons from infinite to 371. A second software program helped select them to eventually find the correct number of pentagons able to tile a plane: 15, namely all those already discovered!

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Our work is guided by the way scientists question the world around them and we translate their research into images to help people to understand the world better and to awaken their curiosity and wonderment.